Patellar Tendinitis – Jumpers Knee

Patellar tendinitis, also known as jumper’s knee, is a relatively common cause of pain in the inferior patellar region in people who partake in sports activities. Just because it is also known as ‘jumper’s knee’ other types of athletes are not immune from it! The signs and symptoms of patellar tendinitis are fairly easy to detect, patients frequently complain of:

  • Pain in the area of the tendon
  • ‘Tightness’ in the knee
  • Subtle swelling of the tendon
  • Pain early into or after a training session or workout
  • ‘Squeaking’ in the tendon

Patellar tendinitis is usually caused by repetitive overloading of the extensor mechanism of the knee and is particularly seen in in younger people. Some of the common factors associated with the condition are:

  • A rapid increase in the frequency or intensity of training
  • Transition from one training method to another
  • Repeated training on a hard surface
  • Improper mechanics during training
  • Genetic abnormalities of the knee joint
  • Poor base strength of the quad muscles

Rehabilitation Programs

These generally include:

  • Non-impact aerobic conditioning
  • Flexibility training for quadriceps and hamstring muscle groups
  • The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications
  • Cryotherapy – ice massage or ice packs
  • Strengthening exercises, such as leg press, side step-ups and mini squats

Shock Wave Therapy & Patellar Tendinitis

Patients who have suffered from patellar tendinitis for some time and also those that have only recently shown the symptoms, can often make a faster recovery and return to their sport or exercise regime by undergoing shock wave therapy. In independent research published by The American Journal of Sports Medicine – shock wave therapy appeared to be more effective and safer than traditional conservative treatments in the management of patients with chronic patellar tendinopathy.

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